Pictograph, Alison Sound

Clash of Cultures

Were they a form of news reporting? A historical record? Public art for creativity’s sake? What stories are behind the fading images found along the sheer granite walls of Alison Sound and Belize Inlet?

Numerous pictographs, painted with red ochre on mostly south-facing white rock, can be found along these spectacular inland waterways. The photo above shows the best known and most well preserved pictograph, in Belize Inlet, just outside the entrance to Alison.

It appears to depict a killer whale or dolphin in the foreground (perhaps several, but time has degraded the image somewhat), a square-rigged schooner in the distance, and between them, three other vessels. One of these looks like a longboat with a dozen oarsmen; the second seems to have a square sail; the means of propulsion of the third isn’t clear. All three seem to have one thing in common: a crew member shooting a musket. (You can click on the photo above to enlarge it.)

It’s hard to find information on this pictograph, but I’ve read that Provincial archaeologists believe it immortalizes the British Navy’s shelling of the Nak’waxda’xw (Nakwaktok) settlement at Village Cove in 1869, in which many villagers were killed. That sorry chapter of our history apparently began in 1868 with the rape of a Nak’waxda’xw woman by a Hudsons Bay trading company employee, provoking a retaliatory attack by the Nak’waxda’xw on the trading vessel Thornton. In response, our government of the day (Britain) sent a warship.

This tragic chain of events must have held considerable importance in Nak’waxda’xw history. Some writers have speculated that it may have been why they moved from the Village Cove area to the remote reaches of Alison Sound, where they lived until relocating to Blunden Harbour in the late 19th century.

Another well preserved pictograph, further up Alison Sound, appears to illustrate seven native canoes, and is believed to commemorate the Nak’waxda’xw attack on the Thornton. But no one’s really sure, and it’s very difficult to find definitive information about any of these pictographs.

One thing is for certain: with their long, narrow stretches of vertical granite walls, these waterways make an awesome gallery for the images, whatever they might signify.

More from Alison Sound & Belize Inlet – click on any thumbnail to enlarge & launch gallery view:

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About Laurie MacBride, Eye on Environment

Photographer and writer focusing on nature and the environment

6 responses »

  1. My heart is still as I take in these incredible photographs and the back-story. Wow, Laurie, history never ceases to amaze me, and I find it incredibly important that folks like you and I preserve this for future generations. These stories must not be lost or forgotten.

    • Thanks Toad! I agree, the history is really important to preserve, and I find myself drawn to places along this coast that speak of history. That said, I hope I have managed to convey this story accurately, as it was very hard to find definitive info on these pictographs or Nak’waxda’xw history of that era. One factor might be that this part of the coast wasn’t even surveyed by Europeans until 1865, so the Nak’waxda’xw villages were, for a long time, very removed from the trading economy (until Blunden Harbour, that is). Thanks for your comments and glad you like the post & photos.

  2. ehpem says:

    Great shots. I looked at your one you question if it is recent painting, using software that archaeologists have developed for getting the most out of faded old pictographs. It shows that the painting says STUB (or possibly STUD), which suggests it is quite recent. I will send you some differently coloured versions so you can see what I mean.
    Wonderful place.

  3. Phil Lanoue says:

    Amazing history preserved.

    • Thanks for visiting & commenting, Phil. It was pretty awesome to see these pictographs. It’s a remote place – it wasn’t even surveyed by Europeans until 1865, one of the last places on our coast to be surveyed – so it’s hard to find any written history about those times, which makes these pictographs even more special. I’m amazed how well the pictograph in the top photo has fared over time.

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